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Hatshepsut Ma’at Ka-Ra Female Pharaoh of Egypt


“The Foremost of Noble Women”

Although not the only female ruler of Egypt, Ma’at Ka-Ra Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty) is one of the best known (next to Cleopatra).  She was an 18th Dynasty Pharaoh, daughter of Thuthmose I and Ahmes.  Growing up in the palace was a happy time for Hatshepsut.  She was taught to read and write at an early age which was unheard of  for a girl in Egypt.  Her father would take her on expeditions to see the great Pyramids and to crocodile hunt on the Nile.  She attended the meetings of all the departments.  She learned from her father how to conduct meetings and how to be the head of a great place like Egypt.  She learned how a Pharaoh should behave in a meeting and with the people.  When her father dies there was only Hatshepsut and her sister Neferubity. 

According to Egyptian customs the male would take the place of the father as Pharaoh.  Hatshepsut had several step brothers living in the palace.  Hatshepsut married her half  brother Thuthmose II.  Thuthmose II died soon after becoming Pharaoh, leaving the widow Hatshepsut and a daughter Neferura.  However; Hatshepsut had another half brother Thuthmose III, he was much too young to rule.  Hatshepsut stepped up to rule as the Pharaoh.  The Princess who would be King.  She began to wear the Royal Nemes headdress,  the false beard, and the Shendyt Kilt.  She ruled for twenty-three years.  She is known for the most elaborate and magnificent structures in Egyptian history and for all times.  She constructed the Red Chapel at Karnak,  twin Obelisks with golden tips, her royal mortuary tomb at Deir el-Bahri—Djeser Djeseru on the west bank of the Nile.